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  Vietnam information  » 54 Ethnic Groups

M'nong people
M'nong people are among Vietnam's multi-ethnic people with over fifty distinct groups (54 are recognized by the Vietnamese government), each with its own language, lifestyle, and cultural heritage. Many of the local ethnic groups are known collectively in the West as Montagnard.

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Name of ethnic group: M'Nong (Bru Dang, Preh, Ger, Nong, Prang, PJam, Kuyenh, Chil Bu Nor, and M'Nong Bu Dang)

Population: 97,451 people (Year2005)

Locality: Concentrated in the southern parts of Dak Lak and Dak Nong provinces, and parts of Lam Dong and Binh Phuoc provinces.

Customs and habits: The M'Nong live in houses built on stilts or level with the ground. Each village usually has dozens of households. The village chief plays a major role in village life. They like to drink alcohol from jars with pipes and smoke tobacco threads rolled in leaves. Matriarchy is observed and the children take the family name of their mother. The wife holds the key position in the household. The M'Nong like to have many children, especially daughters. One year after the birth of a child, the baby is given a name. At funerals, people sing, and beat gongs and drums at the side of the coffin. After placing the coffin in the grave, they cover it with plants, tree boughs, and leaves before filling the grave with earth. After seven days, the family holds a rite which completes the mourning process. The M'Nong believe in the existence of many spirits which are related to their life. One such spirit is Mother Rice who has a special role.

Culture: M'Nong language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group.

Costumes: Men generally wear loincloths and leave their upper torsos naked. Women wear skirts which fall to their ankles. Dark indigo loincloths, skirts, and vests are decorated with red-coloured designs.


More Ethnic groups  in Vietnam

Bana / Bo Y / Brau / Bru Van Kieu / Cham / Cho Ro / Chu Ru / Chut / Co /Cong / Co Ho / Co Lao / Co Tu / Dzao / E De / Giay / Gia Rai / Gie Trieng / Ha Nhi / Hoa / Hre / Khang / Khmer / Kho mu / Kinh-Viet / La Chi / La Ha / La Hu / Lao / Lo Lo/ Lu / Ma / Mang / Hmong / Mnong / Muong / Ngai / Nung / O Du / Pha Then / Phu La / Pu Peo/ Ra Giai / Ro Mam / San Chay / San Diu / Si La / Tay / Ta Oi / Thai / Tho / Xinh Mun / Xo Dang / Xo Tieng