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  Vietnam information  » 54 Ethnic Groups

Gia Rai people
Ra Giai people are among Vietnam's multi-ethnic people with over fifty distinct groups (54 are recognized by the Vietnamese government), each with its own language, lifestyle, and cultural heritage. Many of the local ethnic groups are known collectively in the West as Montagnard.

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Name of ethnic group: Ra Glai (Ra Glay, Krai, Orang Glai, No-Ana, and La Vang)

Population: 99,931 people (Year 2005)

Locality: Mainly in the southern regions of Khanh Hoa and Ninh Thuan provinces.

Customs and habits: The Ra Glai believe there is a spiritual world known as "Giang" that includes good and evil forces. They traditionally live in stilted houses. The pa-lay is headed by a po pa-lay (a village chief who is generally the first landowner). Matriarchy remains in existence in Ra Glai society, as the children take the family name of their mother. If a young woman wants to marry a young man, she will first ask her parents if they can prepare the wedding ceremony. During the marriage process, the bride's younger brother has a fairly important say in the decision making.

Culture: The Ra Glai language belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian Group. After the harvest season, all villagers gather to pay thanks to Giang and to enjoy the new rice harvest.

Economy: Formerly the Ra Glai simply grew rice and maize using slash-and-burn farming techniques. They also developed wet rice agriculture. Hunting, picking, gathering, and making handicrafts are other forms on income generation.


More Ethnic groups  in Vietnam

Bana / Bo Y / Brau / Bru Van Kieu / Cham / Cho Ro / Chu Ru / Chut / Co /Cong / Co Ho / Co Lao / Co Tu / Dzao / E De / Giay / Gia Rai / Gie Trieng / Ha Nhi / Hoa / Hre / Khang / Khmer / Kho mu / Kinh-Viet / La Chi / La Ha / La Hu / Lao / Lo Lo/ Lu / Ma / Mang / Hmong / Mnong / Muong / Ngai / Nung / O Du / Pha Then / Phu La / Pu Peo/ Ra Giai / Ro Mam / San Chay / San Diu / Si La / Tay / Ta Oi / Thai / Tho / Xinh Mun / Xo Dang / Xo Tieng